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Windows Server 2016 Interview Questions






Whether you’re an administrator, support engineer, technical consultant or developer, Windows Server is Microsoft’s flagship server platform that dates back to Windows NT. The 2016 version supersedes 2012 and was finally released towards the end of 2016 after several technical previews and refinements.

Server 2016 includes a large collection of new features such as Containers, Nano Server, Shielded VM’s and many more. If you’re applying for a job that requires knowledge of Microsoft’s latest tech then I strongly recommend reading about Dockers and Containers, particularly if you're involved in deployments, development or DevOps. Nano Server is another addition to the trimmed down OS types, providing a minimal footprint with high resource capacity.

I originally wrote the questions below to learn more about Microsoft’s new offering but here they are, available for you to use as well. I hope you find them useful in preparing for your interview!

Interview Questions



1. Is the following statement true or false?

When a printer is installed on a network, default printer permissions are assigned that allow all users to print and change the status of documents sent to it

  • True
  • False

Show Answer

2. Dynamic memory is a great feature that allows you to manage the amount of memory that Hyper-V virtual machines consume. How would you identify the memory a virtual machine consumes when Dynamic Memory is not enabled?

  • View the amount of RAM listed under Static in the Memory page of the virtual machine
  • View the amount of RAM listed under Startup in the Memory page of the virtual machine
  • View the amount of RAM listed under Maximum in the Memory page of the virtual machine
  • None of these

Show Answer

3. Virtual Network Manager (available from the Hyper-V Manager snap-in) offers three types of virtual networks that you can use to define various networking topologies for virtual machines and the virtualization server.

Which type of virtual network is isolated from all external network traffic on the virtualization server, as well any network traffic between the management operating system and the external network.

  • Internal virtual network
  • Private virtual network

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4. Is the following statement about Hyper-V true or false?

Hyper-V does not support wireless networks

  • False
  • True

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5. You are trying to create a Nano Server on a physical computer. You have copied the NanoServerImageGenerator folder from the ISO to create a VHD that will run Nano Server on a physical computer using the pre-installed device drivers.

When you try and run Import-Module .\NanoServerImageGenerator it doesn’t work. What did you forget to run?

  • Set-StrictMode
  • Set-WmiInstance
  • Disable-WSManCredSSP
  • Set-ExecutionPolicy

Show Answer

6. Nano Server is distributed on the physical media, where you will find a NanoServer folder; this contains a .wim image and a subfolder called Packages. It is these package files that you use to add server roles and features to the VHD image, which you then boot to.

You want to create a VHD that will run Nano Server on a physical computer, using the pre-installed device drivers. You have copied the VHD to the physical computer and want to configure it to boot from this new VHD. What command should you use?

  • bcdboot
  • drvload
  • intlcfg
  • winpeshi

Show Answer

7. With Nano Server some packages are installed directly with their own Windows PowerShell switches (such as -Compute); others you install by passing package names to the -Packages parameter, which you can combine in a comma-separated list.

You want to add IIS to your Nano Server, which command should you use?

  • -Compute
  • -Packages
  • -Containers
  • -Storage

Show Answer

8. With Nano Server some packages are installed directly with their own Windows PowerShell switches (such as -Compute); others you install by passing package names to the -Packages parameter, which you can combine in a comma-separated list.

You want to add the Hyper-V role to your Nano Server, which command should you use?

  • -Compute
  • -Packages
  • -Storage
  • -Containers

Show Answer

9. You want to prevent a virtual machine from using more than its share of system resources by looking for excessive levels of activity. This will help prevent a virtual machine's excessive activity from degrading the performance of the host or other virtual machines.

Which PowerShell paramter should you use with Set-VMProcessor?

  • -HwThreadCountPerCore
  • -EnableHostResourceProtection
  • -MaximumCountPerNumaNode
  • -RelativeWeight

Show Answer

10. To change the amount of memory assigned to a virtual machine you must enable Dynamic Memory. Is this TRUE or FALSE?

  • TRUE
  • FALSE

Show Answer

11. You want to boot a Linux Operating System with the Secure Boot option enabled in a virtual machine. This will be the first time you boot the OS. What must you do?

  • Set the -BootOrder to HardDiskDrive
  • Configure the virtual machine to use the Microsoft UEFI Certificate Authority
  • You can’t enable Secure Boot with Linux
  • Set -EnableSecureBoot without specifying a template

Show Answer

12. SET allows you to group between one and eight physical Ethernet network adapters into one or more software-based virtual network adapters. These virtual network adapters provide fast performance and fault tolerance in the event of a network adapter failure.

SET is not compatible with which of the following networking technologies?

  • SDN Quality of Service (QoS)
  • 802.1X authentication
  • Datacenter bridging (DCB)
  • Remote Direct Memory Access (RDMA)

Show Answer

13. SET is an alternative NIC Teaming solution that you can use in environments that include Hyper-V and the Software Defined Networking (SDN) stack.

SET allows you to group several physical Ethernet network adapters into one or more software-based virtual network adapters. These virtual network adapters provide fast performance and fault tolerance in the event of a network adapter failure.

Which statement below is NOT possible with SET?

  • Connect teamed NICs to the same physical switch
  • Use Windows PowerShell commands and Remote Desktop connections to manage SET from remote computers
  • Group between one and eight physical Ethernet network adapters into one or more software-based virtual network adapters
  • Connect NICs to different switches with both switches on different subnets

Show Answer

14. When you create a new SET team, you must configure the following team properties: Member adapters and Load balancing mode.

Which Load balancing mode ensures that outbound loads are distributed based on a hash of the TCP Ports and IP addresses. This mode also re-balances loads in real time so that a given outbound flow can move back and forth between SET team members.

  • Hyper-V Port
  • Dynamic

Show Answer

15. You want to capture the state, data, and hardware configuration of a running virtual machine. Which checkpoint can be very useful if you need to recreate a specific state or condition of a running virtual machine so that you can troubleshoot a problem?

  • Production
  • Standard

Show Answer

16. Which checkpoint type creates a “point in time” image of a virtual machine, which can be restored later on in a way that is completely supported for all production workloads. This is achieved by using backup technology inside the guest to create the checkpoint, instead of using saved state technology.

  • Standard
  • Production

Show Answer

17. The Host Guardian Service supports two different deployments of a Guarded fabric (attestation modes). The statement below describes which mode?

Guarded hosts that can run Shielded VMs are approved based on their identity, measured boot sequence and code integrity policies so that you can ensure that these hosts are only running approved code.

  • Admin-trusted attestation
  • TPM-trusted attestation

Show Answer

18. Which container type is described below:

Provides application isolation through process and namespace isolation technology. This container shares a kernel with the container host and all containers running on the host.

  • Hyper-V Container
  • Windows Server Container

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19. You want to download a pre-created IIS image from the Docker Hub registry and deploy a simple container running IIS. What Docker command should you use?

  • docker get microsoft/iis:windowsservercore
  • docker pull microsoft/iis:windowsservercore
  • docker subscribe microsoft/iis:windowsservercore
  • docker download microsoft/iis:windowsservercore

Show Answer

20. An IIS image has been downloaded using the docker pull command and verified using the images command. You now want to deploy the IIS container. What command should you use?

  • docker deploy
  • docker run
  • docker publish
  • docker install

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21. You have created a new data volume using the following docker command:

docker run -it -v c:\new-data-volume windowsservercore cmd

New data volumes are stored on the host under 'c:\ProgramData\Docker\volumes'. Where will this data volume be accessible in the running container?

  • c:\ProgramData\Docker\volumes\new-data-volume
  • c:\volumes\host\new-data-volume
  • c:\volumes\new-data-volume
  • c:\new-data-volume

Show Answer





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